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{P.L.O.T.S.} – Creatives Magazine


Creativity Is Humanities Algorithm


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What is Marcus Garvey best known for?

Garvey was known as the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Formed in Jamaica in July 1914, the UNIA aimed to achieve Black nationalism through the celebration of African history and culture.Sep 15, 2020

How did Marcus Garvey contribute to history?

In the United States, he was a noted civil rights activist who founded the Negro World newspaper, a shipping company called Black Star Line and the Universal Negro Improvement Association, or UNIA, a fraternal organization of black nationalists.Jan 26, 2021

Who is Marcus Garvey in history?

Marcus Garvey, in full Marcus Mosiah Garvey, (born August 17, 1887, St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica—died June 10, 1940, London, England), charismatic Black leader who organized the first important American Black nationalist movement (1919–26), based in New York City’s Harlem.

Why is Marcus Garvey a national hero?

Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jamaica’s first National Hero, has been recognised as the first black man to awaken the dignity of the black race in Jamaica, North America and Africa.

Who invented the Pan-African Flag?

Behind the Pan-African UNIA flag
During Black History Month, ICAEW is using the symbolic Pan-African flag – also known as the UNIA flag – to showcase and celebrate the African and Caribbean history of liberation.
The Pan-African flag was created in 1920 with the support of Marcus Garvey, founder of the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association), in response to a racially derogatory song and the realisation that “every race has a flag but the Black”. Garvey continued, “show me the race or the nation without a flag, and I will show you a race of people without any pride”.
The flag later became an African nationalist symbol for the worldwide liberation of people of African origin. As an emblem of Black pride, the flag became popular during the Black Liberation movement of the 1960s.
Black people around the world would be able to claim an identity in their own right under the flag.  
Today, variations of the flag can and have been used in various countries and territories in Africa and the Americas to represent Pan-Africanist ideology.
As this flag continues to be a template for flags across Africa, ICAEW is proud to raise the flag!

Red: The blood that unites all people of Black African ancestry, and shed for liberation

Black: Black people whose existence as a nation, though not a nation-state, is affirmed by the flag

Green: The abundant natural wealth of Africa



View Marcus Garvey’s Timeline

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